Demography is the branch of sociology that studies the characteristics of human populations. (Oxford English Dictionary). On this page, you will see different demographic statistics of India. Basically, that is any statistics or fact that is related to the population of India. Some of these include birth rate, death rate, fertility rate, population density, and many other statistics. These statistics will give you an idea of the average Indian lifestyle and living conditions compared to your own country. Enjoy!!!!!!!!


                                INDIAN DEMOGRAPHIC STATISTICS

India is home to an extremely large population of 1, 188, 800, 000 people  and has one of the highest people per kilometre square ratios with an incredulous 362 people per square kilometre. (Population Reference Bureau, 2010). As the total fertility rate in India remains at the high number of 2.8(Population Reference Bureau, 2010). India's high population growth results in increasingly impoverished and sub-standard conditions for growing segments of the Indian population. As of 2007, India ranked 126th on the United Nations' Human Development Index, which takes into account social, health, and educational conditions in a country. Here are some of the main statistics:(Central Intelligence Agency, 2010)

                                        DEMOGRAPHIC STATS 
1) India's Birth Rate: 23 per 1000                       
2) Death Rate; 7 per 1000                       
This means that every 23 births, there would be seven deaths, which is roughly a 3.3 births per death ratio.
3) Men’s Life Expectancy:  63 
4)Women’s Life Expectancy: 65
5) Natural population Increase every Year: 1.5%                 
6) Infant Mortality Rate; 53 per 1000
7) Elders (65+) to non-elders ratio: 1-5
8) Dependency Load(Population between ages 1-15 inclusive and 65+): 37%
9) Net migration Rate: 0                         
(Population Reference Bureau, 2010)


                                       STAGE OF DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION

The demographic transition model is a chart showing the different stages of a country`s population`s birth rate and death rate. There are 5 stages, with each progressively going further into the future. (Wikipedia). Usually, the more advanced the country, the farther the stage. For example, a country like Congo, would be at the beginning of Stage 2, while a more developed country like Germany-would be Stage 5. the stages compare the birth rate and death rates of population. The model is only rough, and represents the average course of the birth and death rates.

As a country advances technologically, after significant drops of birth and death rates, over time, the death rate becomes larger than the birth rate.
India is in stage 2 of the demographic transition model right now with a high birth rate of 23 per 1000, and a decreasing death rate of 7 per 1000. A bi-product of this, is a high rate of natural increase with India`s being at 1.5%. What usually can be inferred about a country being in Stage 2 of the model is:
                                                            -children are needed for farming
                                                            -high infant mortality rate with many dying at an early age
                                                            -not much family planning
                                                            -communal, religious, or social encouragement to have children
The above causes are the reason for a high birth rate. 
                                                            -Improvement in medical care, hygiene levels, and living conditions
                                                            -Water sanitation level increase
                                                            -fewer infant deaths
The above causes result in a decreasing death rate

As India technologically develops, the population will also start to decrease  with a death rate higher than the birth rate. This is considered to be Stage 5 and veyr few countries have been able to reach this stage already (2010). This can only happen with increased women`s education, higher standards of life, and sex education. Sexism issues are also a problem in India as women are considered inferior in many parts, so when gender equality reigns in India, the population will decrease. An example of a developed country with a higher death rate than birth rate is Germany, where the population steadily decreases